عنوان مقاله [English]
The present article concerns impact of modernity on the status of science and religion in human social life. Within the framework of the change of paradigm which occurred when modern thought and life emerged, man's reason became the most authentic source of man's knowledge; and, security and welfare became the most important ideals of knowledge. In the epistemology of modernity, experience and logical explanation of the relation between variables play the main role in attaining an authentic knowledge. In addition, modernity scientism serves, essentially, to fulfill utilitarianist needs in the material sense of the term. Secularism is one of the fundamental characteristics of the semantic system of modernity according to which religion and religious teachings are recognized only when they are in harmony with requirements of modernity. Also, religious propositions are considered as scientific ones when they are confirmed by modern scientific methodologies. Epistemological requirements of modernity have striking impacts on the social sciences and Humanities as well. Modern Humanities, therefore, have been shaped in a secular approach.