عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Modern science has established that the sun’s rise and set are only apparel and that the sun’s apparel motion is the effect of the earth’s rotation around the sun and not the sun’s motion round the earth. Yet in an atmosphere where people could not imagine anything except the sun’s motion around the earth, the Qur’an stated that the sun is moving on a circular path.
Today’s science has proved that the sun moves around the center of the milky way, but it will be wrong to claim that what the Qur’an says about the sun’s motion refers to this moving around the center of galaxy. The reason why such an assumption is wrong is that a wise and eloquent speaker would not say something which is improbable to be grasped by the immediate audience. Furthermore, if the Qur’an was referring to a motion other than the sun’s apparel motion, it would then make clear cases in order to clarify the point for the audience. Therefore it is plausible to argue that when the Qur’an speaks of the sun’s motion it is referring to its apparel motion, yet this point will raise no controversy between science and the Qur’an. The reason is that the Qur’an is not trying to explain a physical reality about the sun and is not referring to the sun’s motion as if explaining a scientific issue. But rather it aims to create an image which will increase faith and will draw their attentions to the creator.