عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
With the emergence of the scientific movement and the development of natural sciences, science and religion have faced many challenges in their relationship, and different viewpoints have been set forth on how they are related. In addition to conflict theory, which believes that religion and sciences are contradictory, there are other theories on the relationship between the two such as contrast, contact, and confirmation theories. Morteza Motahhari and Mehdi Bazargan as two Muslim thinkers with two different approaches have tried to show that there is no conflict between religion and science.
Motahhari tries to solve the so-called conflicts by referring to philosophical presuppositions. He believes that religion confirms scientific developments and humans need both religion and science. On the other hand, Bazargan uses scientific data to show that religion and science correspond to each other and religion is in conformity to science. Indeed, he believes that science and religion have similar accomplishments. Bazargan’s ideas on the relation between religion and science became more oriented to contrast theory in the final years of his life.