عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Hiduism is the religion of the majority of Indians. However, there is a controversy among the orientalists and Indian scholars concerning the nature and origin of Hinduism. It surely possesses authentic sources such as Upanishads, which is the main source of Indian philosophical and mystical schools. In Upanishads, knowledge is considered to be the only path of salvation. Knowledge here refers to the knowledge of ultimate reality, namely Atman and Brahman which can be described only through negative attributes. Atman and Brahman are two sides of the same reality. There is difference of views among Shankara and Ramanuja about this issue.